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MAMTA Health Institute for Mother & Child | New Delhi

Young people and Barriers to Contraceptive Use

In general, adolescents are less likely to use contraceptive methods than their adult counterparts. The various reasons observed for non-use of contraceptives are:

The unexpected and unplanned nature of sexual activity.

Low perception about risk of pregnancy and STIs (including HIV/AIDS).

Lack of information and knowledge about contraceptives.

Lack of easy availability and access to modern contraceptives.

Restrictive societal norms especially with respect to sexual activity in unmarried people.

Lack of knowledge on proper usage making it in convenient.

Embarrassment and fear of lack of confidentiality.

Fear of medical procedures.

Fear of judgemental attitudes and resistance from providers.

Inability to pay for services and transport.

Displacement – refugees, or political strife.

Fear of violence/disapproval from partner or parents (Domestic violence).

Certain contraceptive methods like condoms are a male-controlled method, a woman’s ability to negotiate for its use may be inhibited by gender-related power imbalances in sexual relationships.

Pressure to have children.

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